We are going to look at the background to the region, the prevention policies in the region,
success in reaching the targets and what we have done under the Local Authority Prevention Demonstration
some of the results and what we are currently doing under the Local Authority Prevention Network.
Here we are: this is the Midwest Region, its Limerick-Clare-Kerry. We are 1 of only 7 multiple regions in Ireland.
The Authorities: Limerick County Council is the lead Authority, we also have Limerick City Council, Kerry County Council and Clare.
They first agreed to work together in 1998-99 and they jointly prepared their first plan in 2001
and this was known as the Waste Management Plan for the Limerick-Clare-Kerry Region.
The focus on the first Plan was on recycling, so everybody was doing recycling,
recycling awareness, this is the first time it was introduced,
we got our recycling bins so it was all happening towards recycling.
In 2004 we started reviewing the Plan. There were 2 public consultation phases a lot of awareness went on throughout
the region whether it was for stakeholders or with the public in general, at shopping centres and all sorts of places
we had little leaflets for them to fill in and give their views. We also did the same with all the stakeholders.
They got a chance to have their say before we did the draft plan
and when the draft plan was produced we had another public consultation phase
the result of all that we had the Replacement Waste Management Plan and it was published in June 2006.
In the Region what way do we operate?
We work on a regional structure we have a Regional Strategic Committee they meet once to twice a year
that would have the managers, the directors, the senior engineers and myself.
Then we have a Regional Management Committee that meets more regularly that would be the directors, senior engineers, myself,
we have a Regional Waste Minimisation Officer and we have all the Environmental Awareness Officers in that grouping.
Then we have the 2 Task Groups that work on the operational issues on the ground
the Regional Environmental Awareness Task Group and the Regional Enforcement Task Group
together all these committees get the Regional Plan implemented in our region.
What did we say in our General Policy Statement in the Plan?
We have shifted away from the whole idea of increasing the recycling rates in the region and so "the policies in the region
are grounded on the concept of Integrated Waste Management Policy operated on a regional basis
with priority assigned in accordance with the EU and national waste management hierarchy."
What is at the top of the National Waste Management Hierarchy?
I said I wouldn’t show you this wonderful pyramid that they show at every presentation because everybody is sick looking at it.
Prevention is up there at the top. In ground in our general policy statement you can see prevention is there.
What kind of policies do we have in the region?
We had a specific plan and policy on The Waste Prevention Minimisation
but just to look at what other things we had policies on we had reuse and recycling,
on waste collection, the biological treatment, the thermal treatment, the landfill obviously,
materials recoveries facilities and then on directing waste and the priority waste such as WEE and C&D and the inter-regional movements.
We had policies in all of these areas but we are specifically here today to speak about the prevention.
What was our waste prevention policy?
"The Local Authority will commit to prioritising waste prevention and minimisation as outlined in the EU and Irish Waste Hierarchy."
We have prevention policy and it is all about waste prevention.
What groups did we say we would target with this prevention policy?
The groups we said we would look at were at household level, at schools at industry, the small to medium enterprises,
the retail and the hospitality sector and with general business groups and community groups.
Nobody was going to be left out of this prevention we were going to try and get all levels in our community.
If we look at what the objectives and targets were we were to continue to promote prevention at household and community level
each of the local authorities in the region were to carry out a minimum of 2 awareness campaigns per year.
That’s every year each local authority was to carry out a minimum of 2
this hasn’t been a problem to date we’ve met those targets regularly and beyond them.
It didn’t have to be just a waste prevention event you could have waste prevention and maybe a composting workshop together.
Then in terms of the business and industry which sometimes Dermot says
He likes to keep them separate but in our region we have kept them together.
we target waste prevention and minimisation through workshops and through seminars run on a yearly basis.
We have a person working in the office that’s solely dedicated to business and industry
we do visits to companies as well during the period of each of the plans we’ve done a lot of company visits.
Part of our objectives were to continue to work with the national initiatives such as the “Race against Waste” which is gone now
and the National Waste Prevention Plan including the LAPD programme.
When we launched our plan in 2006 we had said we’d work with the LAPD programme
at that stage it had been suggested we would get funding if we refined our budget
so we were putting it in there and hoping for the best at that stage.
We wanted to continue in the Hands to Schools programme through the Green Schools
we wanted it to work in in-house programmes and of course the overall objective
was to implement the replacement Waste Management Plan.
What do we do in terms of the household waste?
We did the Waste Watchers Guide to Slimming Your Bin which was a guide for the householder
on how they could reduce the amount of waste going to their bin on a weekly or fortnightly basis or however often it was collected.
Nappies Shouldn’t Cost the Earth we distributed that leaflet at various real nappies events
they were held at shopping centres and community groups.
The interesting statistic is that up to the age of 3 a child can use up to 6000 nappies
if you can get even one child to use real nappies you have save a considerable amount of waste
even in terms of tonnage if you weigh all those nappies when they are used.
We campaigned to work with the household hazardous waste
and we encouraged good management in terms of the products that are used at home.
Under the new programme we have this guide: "A Guide to Household Hazardous Waste Prevention"
In this we are giving alternatives to people so that they don’t use a whole bunch of chemicals
that they have under their sink, that they try to look at alternatives.
Pauline put the book together
With soda crystals you can replace practically everything you have under your sink, it has loads and loads of different uses
It’s definitely worth having a look at to see what you can do at home.
What happened our household waste in that period of time that we did a considerable amount of awareness?
Our first figures in 2005 were very high, they were around the 170,000
during the period of 2005-2009 not only has the waste reduced considerably
but you have to remember that we have much better record keeping
because we have worked very hard with all our waste collectors to get them to report and record their results correctly.
Obviously that had a very significant effect because the first verification we did on the annual reports for them
were in 2006 you can see the immediate affect once you analysis and verify the data properly you’ll get better results
You can see 2006/2007/2008 there isn’t huge change but we now have a considerable drop in 2009.
It’s sometimes hard to separate what’s happened with our economy
and what intervention happens but hopefully both have helped to reduce it.
Within our plan, as well as these objectives and targets, we’ve set ourselves
a set of primary and secondary indicators one of our primary indicators is the total kilos of household waste per person.
We have a figure there from 2004 right through to our current figure of 2009 which you can see the small asterisk at
because I haven’t verified every figure for the region yet I’m just saying that’s our best estimate to date.
There was a considerable reduction when we first verified all the figures
but there has been a nice steady slow change in reduction of the amount of waste produced per person in our region.
The National Waste Report from the EPA uses the kilos of waste generated per person as a national indicator.
For the 2008 Report they had reported 380 kilos per person we’re still well below that
but I expect when they do their 2009 figures it will also drop.
What did we do for the commercial and industrial sector?
We had a number of campaigns running right throughout the whole period of the plan
these 2 leaflets we distributed widely throughout the industry and business in our region.
The Reduce in Business Waste showed ways to prevent and reuse waste
it highlighted segregation it indicated the legal framework with which we were working in the region.
One of the other things it highlighted for the people was what their service provider in terms of waste should be providing for them.
We also looked at the minimisation of hazardous waste and we gave them some ideas
on how to reduce their hazardous waste on site and we gave them the low down on how the paper trail worked on hazardous waste.
We had another programme running in the region for quite a while which was a Business to Business Green Mentor Programme
now that was grant aided separately under the Cleaner Greener Production Programme
we had 9 Green Mentors and 60 participants the focus was waste, water and energy reduction
you see as we go along these programmes that it is almost impossible just to focus on waste
when you work with business and industry you have to use all your skills and you work with them on water and energy as well.
There were Green Mentor events held on all the mentor premises and you can see some in action here
We had fairly large companies involved such as
Vistakon, Roche, Temner, Wyeth Nutritionals, O'Connors Bakery, ESB Supply Network, Lee Strand Dairies, Avocent and the Woodlands Hotel.
We had a great variety from very hi-tech businesses to more ordinary businesses like the bakery
which during the time we ran the programme the bakery went for reusable crates as much as they possibly could
in terms of bringing in the goods to their organisation and also distributing them back out.
Some of the success that people had: we had a packaging manufacturer and he used to have a trim of 40mm on his products
then he reduced it to 25mm - that saved him €2000 every month.
We had a medical distributor he started reusing all his packaging for his product going out - his waste cost dropped by 50% straight away.
As part of that programme we produced a Waste Prevention Guide for business and industry
it would give them the practical steps on how they could set key performance indicators for themselves.
We went with the Green Hospitality Award Scheme before it was launched nationwide in February 2007
and the local authorities in our region decided to initially help and fund this Green Hospitality Award.
It was known as the Green Fáilte Awards when we first launched it
the target groups were the hotels, the pubs, the restaurants and the hospital canteens
The cost savings for members, there was quite a big distribution,
there could be anything from €5,000 to €50,000 for members even in their first year.
We had set a target of 60 members and we held an award event each year
in 2007 we had 14 members and we had 2 silver and 9 bronze awards. How did they get these awards?
All of these people reached a number of environmental standards in terms of the way they were operating.
The Clean Technology Centre and Hospitality Solutions together worked with us on that programme
and they did the audits and checked to see if these people were meeting the targets.
As we moved into 2008 we got a nice doubling of our membership
For the first time we had people going into the gold award level, we had 7 silver and 5 bronze.
Some of these hotels were quite big hotels, Dromoland Castle was one
they have been outstanding in terms of how far they have come along in the programme.
Then the recession happened and we only got one additional member in 2009
Unfortunately that whole sector was very badly hit, particularly in our region.
The idea of trying to keep the hotels open was getting priority so to join a programme
was the last thing on their mind but we still had a significant number that got awards
we only ran the awards ceremony in early 2010 and we had 2 gold, 7 silvers and 4 bronze.
We have a new section now because a lot of people that were looking to join the scene
were involved in doing catering at locations whether they be at other companies or at local authorities
they then did a special awards section for them because
looking at what their needs were they were, they very different to those doing it on their own premises.
As well as doing that for the commercial sector we do regular newsletters these newsletters go out 2 to 3 times a year
and they generally go through an email network a small number going out through the post.
They highlight what is happening in the region in terms of the new schemes, the new legislation also give case studies in the region.
It is a great way of getting the information out to the people that are involved in similar business and industry.
What happened to our commercial and industrial waste figure?
It’s a figure that rose with the economic growth
and one of our targets in the plan was to break that link between economic growth and waste growth
I can say during the 2007-2008 we weren’t that successful in doing that there was a slight drop
it is not that obvious from our graph there in 2008 but there is a considerable drop now in the commercial and industrial waste.
There’s the link to the economic growth so it is always going to be hard to measure
what intervention has done and what is related to economic "no-growth".
What we decided to do in the Local Authority Prevention Demonstration
we applied for our funding in February 2006 and it was confirmed and launched in July 2006.
It was a 2½ year programme the EPA provided 75% of the funding
and then local authorities in the region the 4 of them put together the other 25% of the funding.
We had signed up all our partners at the start of the project we had 4 diverse initiatives
we had the paper reduction at University of Limerick and Limerick County Council
we had waste prevention during the construction of a mixed use development
and waste prevention at the finished apartments at the Savoy Development in Limerick City.
We had the improved waste management at the Skycourt Shopping Centre in Shannon
and then the energy waste and water management at Kerry Airport.
Just to look at some of the results: in the administration area 2007 the amount of paper consumed by Limerick County Council
was just over 3million with the intervention it dropped to 2½ million.
There is a more significant decrease in UL a lot more paper used as well they’ve gone from 25 million down to 16.9 million.
There were a lot of sheets of paper saved through the IT improvements which we will look at in a moment.
The overall cost savings for University of Limerick were €7K and for Limerick County Council were €2K
we have called them the changes in capacity building there was the introduction of electronic payslips, expense claims
and annual leave in Limerick County Council during that period and there was better use of the electronic files for procurement and financial management.
A big coup for us was when the Dean’s Council agreed to electronic submission of coursework
and submission of theses as double sided documents because this had been a long academic tradition
in the University of Limerick that they were all handed in single sided a nice big thick document so this was a big change.
The project was seen as a stepping stone for furthering environmental initiatives.
Moving on to the construction and apartment living this was a more difficult one in terms of the site that we chose.
There was plasterboard recycling of 288 tonnes they hadn’t done plasterboard recycling before we came
there was a lot more construction waste segregation and recycling was up to 51%.
The cost and the waste as the percentage cost was really very low but if you remember
that in the time that they bought that property it was a huge cost so the waste cost was almost insignificant.
Then we worked with the apartments we were going to work with the apartments in the Savoy Complex but
there were some problems launching them because at the time they went to launch the prices were very low
so the developer let us work with other apartments that he had already on the market and had people living in them.
It was mixed apartment and commercial living
There was a decrease in bin lifts there when the awareness campaigns were carried out of 22%
the waste management cost savings were €2k per month. That is significant enough.
Looking at the changes in capacity building the desktop analysis
the desktop analysis for waste management costs showed that the SISK site was 60% lower than similar sites.
I think the problem for us when we went to the SISK sites they were already very good at doing their job
managing their environment and managing their waste.
It was hard to work with them in terms of waste prevention but during the period they learnt a lot from working with us in the region.
They established a virtual reuse website for their SISK in the Greater Dublin area because they learnt that even the reuse of a small amount of
what was considered waste which could be reused on another site was worthwhile.
The engagement with tenants of the apartments, office, restaurant and the bar regarding waste management
gave those results where we got better segregation, better waste management
and the management committee have replicated this through other city centre multiuse complexes in the city.
The letting agent also realised that not enough priority was given to that even though costs saving could be made
not only when he takes over the property
but not enough effort went into the planning of these things when the planning was being done originally.
Moving to the retail sector this was the Skycourt Shopping Centre
the kilos of waste per footfall during the period of the intervention did drop considerably.
The recycling rate increased a lot
During this time we had to work with the tenants and work with the people using the Shopping Centre as well
particularly the tenants because they weren’t really that aware of how they were presenting their waste.
There was no organic waste segregation there so immediately was a gain of 15%.
The Skycourt Shopping Centre in Shannon is very busy during the week and very quiet at the weekend
a lot of their effort is in food at lunchtime there are quite a considerable amount of food outlets there
so it would be a shame not to work with the organic waste. They had a cost savings of €7,400 during that period.
There were a lot of tenant awareness sessions held there and there was a big drive to get them into the reusable packaging.
Before the end of the project we got very close to working with them but some of the recession constraints
and budget constraints stopped some people moving away from what they were currently doing and making the changes.
There was a lot of advice and guidance for the management company that was working there
there was a big gain in terms of the reduced costs
The compactor requirement decreased by 50%. As they managed their waste properly things began to improve.
One of the tenants serving meals there had a really significant waste prevention project going
he originally was serving all his pizzas in the concourse in takeaway boxes
he moved to the reusable plates that you saw in the first slide on LAPD.
Moving to the Kerry Airport the water consumption was one of the key elements it moved from 20 metres³ per day down to 13.
The kilos waste per passenger also reduced during the period
there was potential to save energy of €17,000 that wasn’t taken on board but the reasons get very clear.
The resource efficiencies and environmental concerns were not top priority with the airport
they had a very very small staff who were multitasking as it was.
They were very busy so there was little flexibility for them to move out and work in anything to do with prevention.
It is one of those projects where we should have called a halt to earlier on when we realised that
it was going to be too busy a place for people to get involved in waste prevention.
Working with the subcontractors and tenants they were very receptive to the waste prevention
their participation resulted in significant cost savings overall. Then retrofitting was essential for the prevention initiatives.
Within the organisation of the airport there are lots of different people working there
they had no water metering no energy metering for any of these people that all happened during the period of the intervention.
Overall what were the lessons learned?
We have highlighted a few things; to only work with organisations that have genuine commitment:
to the resource efficiency, to cost savings and they have to have that commitment from the start of the project.
You do need management buy in we identified that organisation that had a champion out there were more likely to achieve the better results.
Be prepared to do lots of legwork on behalf of the organisation and yourselves
you need to get in there and get the baseline information no matter how hard that is
or how many phone calls you have to make to get it be prepared for the bizarre requests
and everybody goes what were the bizarre requests?
Some of the requests were simple like UL were doing a new tender for the waste management so they wanted some help with doing that.
Some other organisations where their daughter was doing their masters and needed some help with that.
You have to be prepared for everything you’ll do anything to keep them on your side and keep the project going.
All the LA staff we had working on the project completed the prevention training that Dermot mentioned earlier.
We were asked how we could replicate the project
so we produced an e-guide Pauline did a lot of work on it it's running on a laptop for you to look at.
You can learn from what we did this is a resource for everybody it sets out the 7 steps in how you can get a programme going.
It also has lots of resources if you are doing your audit for the very first time you’ll learn a lot from looking through this website
any of the programmes we did under the LAPD you all have shopping centres, apartment blocks in your area
we are all local authorities who can work on waste prevention and putting paper prevention on the local authorities.
As Dermot says we can leave the construction sector for a while and wait for the new improvement that John mentioned is going to happen in 2012.
We produce an annual report on our Plan every year in that Plan we have highlighted the progress year on year
under the Local Authority Prevention Demonstration Programme they are up on our website as well.
It is well worth getting into the www.managewaste.ie website
because you have the link to the New Integrated Prevention Programme and have all our annual reports.
If you wanted to see how we did one year or what we did the next year they are all there outlined for you.
Obviously the annual report covers every aspect of our plan what we are doing in terms of recycling, landfills and everything else.
Then we moved onto the Local Authority Prevention Network this was in July of last year
we got further funding and we were very happy to get it from the EPA
but now we were more focused on specific categories such as tourism, events, food prevention.
These are generating better results in a quicker period of time
now we are more persistent in gathering data we don’t accept no as an answer anymore.
We are more persistent with the organisations. Timescales have to be agreed at the start
and we stick to them because everything happens much quicker.
We are more confident in our approach to the whole waste prevention having done the training and completed phase 1.
What are we doing?
We are looking at Killarney National Park it attracts over a million visitors a year it is an integrated project
and we are hoping to have 50% reduction in water consumption, 60% reduction in waste costs.
SEAI have appointed a specialist to work with us to advice in relation to the period building
that will be in terms of the energy management within that building and we are looking at the food waste prevention at the visitors' centre.
Also in Kerry the whole of the Dingle Peninsula: there are 30 diverse businesses and they are going to be networking together
there is going to be an initial audit and there is an improvement programme to be undertaken
it will be happening during the very busy season and a repeat audit in the autumn when things quiet down.
There will be verification independently of those results and the successful awards will be the Corca Dhuibhne Glass Awards
they are going to be awarded during EWWR which is the European Week for Waste Reduction.
You can see Dáithí Ó Sé smiling away as he launched the project recently.
He has the gift of the gab both in Irish and English. It is very helpful to have a good Awareness Officer
he's down there somewhere, Micheál who's also very good at the Irish, to help as the whole programme was launched “as Gaeilge”.
In Limerick City we have as they say “the home of Munster rugby”
it is a destination where there are conferences, banqueting and lots of concerts. They are expecting over 500,000 visitors this year.
We are working with the catering contractor on food waste prevention; we are working with Diageo on a reusable plastic glass
and we are working with the cleaning contractor to divert 80% of the waste from landfill
they have already done this with their initiatives in-house and the way they clean up after events.
There are trials of waterless urinals but hopefully they will be successful after seeing Dermot’s flushing event they might be very popular!
The energy efficiency measures will also be looked at there are some of the new bins
that were put out in park as an interim measure to get them up and running in these places when you go first segregation is little or no
so you have to start with their current waste management and move back towards waste prevention.
With the city parks in Limerick City there is going to be a parks project
it is going to make the division in services more sustainable to cut the cost.
We hope to promote awareness with the households and communities
and hope to do some sustainable programme procurement in goods and services and maybe as we progress a bit of river water harvesting.
In Clare we are doing a project with the Cliffs of Moher we got confirmation that their visitor numbers will be just under a million in a year.
They were the winner of the 2010 Green Award for Improvements in Waste Management
this would be directly as a result of some of the intervention that Pauline did with them in terms of their waste management.
The management & tenants are going to be working together.
There is now a trial starting on the compostable, disposable products - this would be plates, cup and everything.
That starts in June.
They have an installation of energy efficient hand dryers happening and there is improved segregation awareness for the visitors
you can see some of the signage put up by the bins so that people know what items to put into each bin.
In the first month that has given a 12% improvement in the recycling rate that’s been well worthwhile.
There are plans to work with the tour operators that come into the Cliffs
there’s a commitment to buy locally, especially food and that is a very sustainable thing to do.
On the food waste prevention on the 9th of June the Special Olympics Ireland will be taking place in Limerick
there are going to be 40,000 meals served over 5 days we have been working with them
trying to prevent food waste from this whole operation of the 40,000 meals.
It is considerable work but we are hoping there will be some level of commitment to the prevention during it.
We are also working with the Health Service Executive with their voluntary and private facilities with their in house restaurants.
At the moment a lot of the meals are served on trolleys. They are put on the plates on the ward
Now they are looking at doing that in the kitchens - there will be a bit more portion control
If there's portion control there should be less food waste. We are hoping that will be the case.
In terms of total waste arisings in the region I would have liked to have given you the 2009 figures but
we have an online system for people to return all their annual environmental report information
some of the sludge waste collectors had got very mixed up between tonnage and kilos.
Some of them had put in 800,000 tonnes which was an almost impossible amount of sludge to have generated and collected during a year.
I said I would leave out the 2009 figures but you can see there has been a gradual decline in the total amount waste arisings.
We are expecting a more significant decrease this year because even with the construction and demolition waste
that we had returned to date there is a very very dramatic reduction in those figures.
We went from a case of in 2004 have little or no C&D waste because a lot of them weren’t even recording it as a waste.
Once we got into the recording system it was all happening in one year we had a 600% increase in C&D waste
and now we will have at least a 50% reduction in C&D waste it has done a circle as they say.
We are not all about waste prevention in the region there are some other big issues and just to give you a flavour of what they are
there’s the rollout of the commercial and household brown bins, the development of the biological treatment in the region,
the introduction of the alternative conversion technologies and thermal treatment,
finding suitable sites for bring banks and the future of the landfills.
I just want to thank you and I would like to thank all our partners who have been part of the Local Authority Prevention Network
and thank the Local Authority Prevention Demonstration Project because without their commitment as well
we wouldn’t have been able to achieve some of targets that we had set for ourselves and to our own staff. Thank you.
0:00:00 / 0:00:00
Philippa King, Regional Waste Co-ordinator, Limerick Clare Kerry Regional Waste Management Office.
Waste Prevention and the Regional Waste Management Plan